Murree, one of the seven towns/tehsils [sub-division ] of Rawalpindi district. Currently it is spread over an area of 434 Sq kilometer. Murree Tehsil was established a little while after the British conquest of Punjab in 1846. As stated in detail elsewhere Murree and other hill tracts of Rawalpindi district as well as Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province part of territories of Kashmir sold to Maharaja Ghulab Singh by the British authorities under treaty of Amritsar of 1846.
Later under an agreement between British and Maharaja Ghulab Singh the
Hazara region as well as Murree and other hilly tracks of Rawalpindi
district were restored to Punjab Province and the Maharja was compensated
else where. For details see History page of this site.|
While re-demarcating the the district boundaries the British government ceded large Dond and Karral territories, including Khanpur, Rajoiya, Danna and Boi and put them into than Hazara district. These areas and which were historical part of Murree currently form eastern parts of Haripur and Abbottabad districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Later Murree tehsil continued to witness territorial changes. In 1959 certain parts of the tehsils were ceded to be included in Islamabad Capital Territory. In 1990s, a large part of the tehsil was ceded to establish Kotli Sattian Tehsil.
According to population census of 1998 Murree has a population of 176,426 persons of which 90,780 are male while 85,646 are female.
155,051 people live in the rural areas and 21,371 live in the urban areas. Within the urban areas 13,462 persons live in the civilian areas while 7400
cantonments spread over various parts of the Murree Hills .
In 1981 population of Murree was 157136. The annual growth rate in measured was 0.68 percent during the 1981-1998. Slow growth rate of population is not confined to Murree, the enumeration of Kotli Satian shows reduction of population during the time. The population of the villages now comprising Kotli Sattian Town (tehsil) was 83255 in 1981 while the 1998 census shows the figure at 81,523, an increase of of minus 0 .12 percent.
According to population census of 1998, population of Pakistan, during 1981-98, grew at the rate of 2.69 percent. The same figures for Punjab and Rawalpindi District were 2.64 and 2.75 percent respectively. The negligible increase in population of Murree and sister town of Kotli Sattian can be explained by the fact that the enumeration was done during winter and early spring when the harsh weather in the hills forces a large number of inhabitants of the area to relocate in Rawalpindi, Islamabad and other areas in the plain.
Murree is divided into cantonment areas, spread over most of the hill tops, and fifteen Union Councils including the one representing the non cantonment urban areas of Murree city. .
According to the 1998 census Murree has a literacy rate of
69.3 percent, among population of age 10 and above, which is slightly less then overall district Rawalpindi figure of 70.4 percent.
It however is a a lot higher then figures for Punjab province as well as Pakistan as a whole.
|Name of Union
|Total Population||Male||Female||Population above 18||Literacy rate in %|
|Murree Hill cant. 1||5282||4010||1272||3874||83.6|
|Murree Hill cant. 2||2118||1510||608||1447||84.2|
** All figures are from population census of 1998.